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    微妮主页 >> 文章 >> 教研札记 >> 浏览信息《课堂教学基本原则》

    教研札记 | 评论(1) | 阅读(1149)
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    星期三   晴天 
    主题 课堂教学基本原则

    课堂教学的开放和多样化,并不意味着可以随心所欲,想怎么做,就怎么做,教师还必须遵循课堂教学的基本规律,所谓千变万变,万变不离其宗。我认为以下六条是主要的:

    第一条、一定要自学

    学习是学生自己的事,不通过学生自己的认知,不可能把知识和能力内化成自己的东西。而自学主要是让学生看课本。可是当下不少教师上课不用书,看黑板,看大屏幕,看教师的脸,就是不让学生看书。课本、课本、课堂的课本,连根本都不要了,还能是好课吗?

    第二条、一定要激发学生兴趣

    学生主动参与是他们的自主行为,如果学生没有兴趣,无动于衷,参与也就变成一句空话。我们的对象是6岁到12岁的孩子,他们集中注意力的时间一般仅有15分钟,如果上课没趣,他们是坚持不了的。所以,要使学生学好数学,首先要使学生喜欢学数学。上课上得有趣,不仅要注重教学形式上的趣味化,更重要的是要用数学本身的魅力吸引学生。

    第三条、一定要让学生提出问题

    学生能够提出问题,是学生主动参与的表现,是他们积极思维的结果,首先要给他们提问的机会,鼓励他们敢于提出问题,养成不懂就问的勇气和习惯。

    道理大家都知道,就是做不到。所以在对展示课的评议中要积极引导,不是可有可无,而是一定要。一堂课至少有两次让学生提问的机会。自学课本后可让学生提问,“有什么不懂的问题,有什么意见可以提出来”;全课结束前,再让学生提问,“这堂课你们有什什么收获?还有什么问题?”

    第四条、一定要让学生讨论交流

    组织学生讨论交流,是给学生创设主动参与的机会。这样既能调动学生积极性,发挥学生之间的互补作用,又能改变教师一言堂,活跃课堂气氛。

    为了做到人人都能开口,小组合作学习是个好办法。把小组建设成共同学习、共同提高的团队。善于同他人合作,敢于在公众面前发表意见,这是现代化社会所必需具备的合作意识和交往能力。

    第五条、一定要加强练习

    练习是学生自主学习的重要形式,只有通过学生亲自练习才能掌握数学基础知识,形成数学基本能力,领悟数学基本思想,体验数学基本经验。当教师必须懂得一条简单而深刻的道理:学生不全是听会的,而是练会的。一堂没有练习的数学课是失败的。

    一堂课要保证练习时间,落到实处。一般要有20分钟到30分钟时间。当然要注意练习的科学性、趣味性、多样性和实效性。

    第六条、一定要达到教学目标

    课堂教学必须在规定的时间里完成一定的教学任务。一堂课水平的高低,主要看教学效果,就是所谓的“讲究实效”“用事实说话”。不能一味追求形式,光图表面上的热热闹闹,以至造成“华而不实”,不像“数学课”了。

    怎样上好一堂课,怎样评议一堂课,我认为这六个一定要是最根本的。提出来请大家批评指正。

    微妮 发表于:2012-9-19 16:12:15

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